National Industrial Classification
The Central Statistical Organisation of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation being nodal statistical authority is vested with the responsibility of setting up standards for collection, compilation and dissemination of statistical data. The official statistical data are required to be collected and presented according to classification designed to facilitate their use for national economic policy and for international comparison. Comparability of statistics available from various sources, on different aspects of the economy, and usability of such data for economic analysis are prerequisite for standardization of a system of classification.
2. The Central Statistical Organisation (CSO), which is responsible for coordination of statistical activities in the country as well as for evolving and maintaining statistical standards took up the task of evolving a standard industrial classification as early as in 1960 and evolved a Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) in 1962. To take care of the significant changes in the organization and structure of industries, the necessity to revise the industrial classification has been felt from time to time. With this objective, the CSO revised SIC 1962 in 1970 (NIC-70), NIC-1970 in 1987 (NIC-87) and NIC-87 in 1998 (NIC-98). It is during 1998, 4-digit of ISIC-3 was folled in toto in NIC-1998 and these 4-digits were extended up to 5-digits based on national needs. After release of the United Nations International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC) - 2002 Rev. 3.1, NIC-1998 was updated keeping consistent with ISIC Rev 3.1 and the updated version, namely NIC-2004 was adopted.
3. The United National Statistical Commission considered the draft ISIC revision-4 during the 38th session of UNSC for adoption by all the member countries in the year 2008. The SCIS of the Ministry set up an expert committee under the Chairmanship of Dr. S.K. Nath, DG (CSO) on 20.07.2007. Three meetings of the Steering Committee were held on 26.11.2007, 13.5.2008, 05.09.2008 respectively and in the 3rd meeting the draft NIC 2008 was approved by the Committee CSO (IS Wing), Kolkata accomplished this task of revision NIC-2004 consistent with draft ISIC Revision-4 under the leaderhip of Shri P.C. Sarker, DDG.
4. I would like to place on record my appreciation for the efforts made by the officers of CSO (IS Wing) namely Shri Debasish Sarkar, Director, Shri G. Punjabi, Joint Director and Shri Soumya Chakraborty, Dy. Director, Shri Jhulan Kar, DDG, FOD (EZ). Smt. Mita Roy Chowdhary, DDG, DPD, Shri Atanushasan Basu, Director, SDRD deserve especial thanks for going into the details of the draft and making necessary changes. Shri Vijay Kumar, ADG of Economic Statistics Division of CSO was responsible for monitoring the entire work.
5. Improvement of classification and their updation is an on going task and I would urge the users to follow NIC-2008 extensively and send comments/observations based on the experience of use, which would go a long way to improve the future classification.